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Objavljeno: 13. 05. 2022 ob 08:51    Starost: 9 dni

Vabljeni na predavanje in pogovor s filozofom in raziskovalcem doživljanja dr. Oletoma Höffkenom

Vabljeni na predavanje in pogovor s filozofom in raziskovalcem doživljanja dr. Oletoma Höffkenom z univerze v Heidelbergu. Dr. Höffken povezuje filozofske in filozofsko-znanstvene koncepte s sodobnimi empiričnimi raziskavami zavesti. V četrtek 19. maja ob 14h bo imel v prostorih Centra za kognitivno znanost na Vegovi 4 krajše predavanje o abdukciji. Sledil po sproščen pogovor ob čaju.

 

KJE: Vegova 4, prostori Centra za kognitivno znanost, seminarska soba v kleti,
KDAJ: Četrtek 19. 5. ob 14h

 

POVZETEK PREDAVANJA:

 

dr. Ole Höffken
Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg

 

Abduction for Everyone

 

I propose to understand abduction as a non-linear, holistic mode of inference, in line with Paul Thagards model of ‘coherence-based inference’. Now, in Thagards ‘theory of explanatory coherence’, the coherence-producing explanatory relations are taken as primitive. But, if we argue for a holistic understanding of abduction as inference to the best explanation, it seems most coherent to understand also the evaluation of potentially explanatory hypotheses to be holistic as well. Thus, I propose to make Thagards account
independent of the notion of explanation, by taking a more general relation than explanation as coherence-producing. Namely, a relation that forms a necessary condition for explanation: entailment or conditional probability. Leaving aside the case of conditional probability, I propose a specific kind of non-redundant entailments (formal and material) as coherence-producing. This broad understanding of abduction allows for a broad application of it.


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